Frac hits are also called “communication events.”
Chemical company offers solution to ‘frac hits’ by Mella McEwen, Jan 16, 2020, Reporter-Telegram
It’s an issue Permian Basin oil and gas operators have been grappling with as they drill wells in tighter and tighter quarters: How to keep hydraulic fracturing of the newer or “child” wells from interfering or damaging the older or “parent” wells or being damaged themselves?
“It’s a dire problem,” Eric Foster, chief executive officer of TenEx Technologies, said in a phone interview. He said that over the next couple of years, domestic oil and gas production will begin to decline “because drillers can’t drill enough wells” to offset the lower productivity of damaged parent wells or the child wells.
“As competitive as the industry is, companies recognize the existential threat this is, especially in the Permian Basin,” he said.
“If we don’t come up with a solution, the Permian Basin could lose its place as the top producing region in the world. There’s good acreage that can’t be tapped because of the frac hit problem.”
“The industry is desperate to find better strategies to protect the parent wells and get more production from the child wells,” he said.
Rystad, the energy consulting service, estimates that only 20 percent of the wells drilled in the Permian Basin in the third quarter of last year were parent wells.
Foster’s Philadelphia-based oilfield chemical company is offering a chemical solution, as opposed to a mechanical solution. NoHIT is designed to be pumped as an additive to a parent well’s preload or active loading program.
[Some solution. More toxic chemicals intentionally injected into our environment. Are they out of their sodding greedy minds?]
“Our product involves the injection of a chemical solution that includes aluminum,” Foster said. “Then we inject an activator, which will vary depending on the characteristics of the well. That activator will change the pH of the water in the well and cause the aluminum to react, stripping the hydrogen off the water and generating hydrogen gas.”
That gas pressurizes the depleted rock and increasing associated rock stress, discouraging child well fractures from communicating with the parent well fractures. That not only protects the parent well but encourages the fractures in the child wells to target new reservoirs, Foster said.
To address the problem, some operators inject gas – which can be expensive — while other companies shut in the well for a period of time to let the reservoir build up pressure, he said. Others preload the well with water.
He described the Permian Basin as “thirsty ground with big wells that take an ocean of water to fill every nook and cranny. I just need enough water that the aluminum will react. I just need a small lake, not an ocean.” [That’s still terrible]
Foster said he believes NoHIT it will improve the capital structure of his customers.
He used the example of a producer who based his reservoir value on density of 100 wells but could only drill 50 because the communication between wells impaired production.
“You’ve reduced your reservoir value 50 percent,” he said. “This is almost a live-or-die problem. If we and others can help restore reservoir value by restoring density, that helps the bottom line.” [While destroying the subsurface, contaminating groundwater and poisoning communities and families, wildlife, pets and livestock. Vulgar human greed-induced insanity.]
There is a cost to his product, he acknowledged. “But when you spent $7 million on a well, how much is it worth to not wreck it?” he said. [ But, when is the toxic pollution of our global environment enough?]
The technology has worked well in the lab, and Foster said he is anxious to get it in the ground. It will be used for the first time by the end of February, he said.
The company has been in talks with producers in several producing basins, including in the Niobrara, Eagle Ford and in Calgary, Alberta, but he said it is “strongly focused on the Permian Basin.”
He wants companies “to talk to us about how they would experiment with our product,” and urges collaboration to find solutions.
Refer also to:
Encana’s Supersize Spatial Intensity Frac Cube Experiment Fails
2014 01 07: As ‘frack hits’ grew in Alberta, regulator (AER) takes action, but years too late; high pressure frac hits have been damaging hydrocarbon wells for at least a decade!
2013 12 18: Fracking by Black Hills Exploration & Production investigated by COGCC for possible frac hit causing water and gas leak at old vertical well
2013 10 20: When Frackers Frack Other Frackers They Break The First Fracking Commandment: Thou Shall Not Frack Another Fracker
It can get pretty testy. Encana fracked somebody else’s well – in yet another case of “involuntary stimulation”
2013 08 05: When 2 wells meet, spills can often follow
2013 10 24: Encana’s fracking fluid blows out nearby Parko Oil well in New Mexico, Encana promises to but does not pay the cleanup costs
Arrogance, Greed & Ignorance Out of Control: ‘Frac hits’ growing issue as infill drilling, frac stages rise: “Economic results could be catastrophic”
Legal matters: Fracking the golf course. Ask Indian Hills Golf Course, Lambton Shores, Ontario: Did nature, waste injection, gas storage or fracking causing massive natural gas geysers and erupting greens in 2015? Two municipalities declared state of emergency, Golf Course had to shut down, pay to investigate and clean up
Heaven Help Our Drinking Water: How many frac hit damages when Encana fracs multi-stacked, 60 wells per section?
Oklahoma Kingfisher-Blaine County line: Another frac hit? Industry-caused damaging earthquake? Officials believe related to oil & gas industry: 3,000 gallons “highly toxic saltwater bubbling to surface every day.” Regulator: “Something you never want to see, is something bubbling to surface like this.”
Why did Paramount suddenly distribute Emergency Response Plan in Town of Fox Creek? To distract from Sprocket Energy’s 460,000 litre spill/leak/frac hit at abandoned sour gas well near Smoke Lake Provincial Park and the town?
IT’S A BIG ONE! AER Order against Sprocket Energy sour gas well leak/spill (by frac hit?) six km SW of Town of Fox Creek. Why no media coverage on possibly life-threatening, brain damaging leak near busy Smoke Lake Provincial Park Campground?
Frac Hit at Fox Creek? Wanna bet industry’s pet lamb, AER, will issue no fine? 460,000 litres fluids & contaminated water spews forth from abandoned Sprocket Energy Corp sour gas well 6 km SW of Fox Creek, Nothing reported in the media!
Why the Bully Victim Act? What fraud this time? What are AER & Bonavista hiding? Perpetual acid gas injection break outs into drinking water zones? Frac hit(s)? Other toxic chemicals contaminating Edson groundwater? Bonavista whines about AER ordering it to do the right thing. PS Who’s going to fix the aquifers?
More fraud in the frac patch? Trying to cover-up a major frac hit by blaming vandalism? 6.4 km long North Dakota oil well spews more than 67,000 gallons of crude & 84,000 gallons of brine for days
As ‘frack hits’ grew in Alberta, regulator (AER) takes action, but years too late; high pressure frac hits have been damaging hydrocarbon wells for at least a decade!
Fracking by Black Hills Exploration & Production investigated by COGCC for possible frac hit causing water and gas leak at old vertical well
“Frack Well Bashing” is going to get expensive! Frack Hit Demolition Derby Down Below: Drill, inject, bump ‘n crack, hit ‘n smash, bash ‘n dash, while Encana lies ‘n says, “We don’t frac. We stimulate.” 2 wells, 1 patch of dirt. Who gets the oil? The biggest bully. “Fracks hitting wells several miles away.”
Oklahoma: ‘Frack hits’ on the rise; Frackers Collide With Traditional Oil & Gas Drillers; Hundreds of damaging cases of “involuntary stimulation”
New Mexico wells have had over 100 frack hits, many caused by Encana, dramatically increasing natural gas production at other energy wells and probably in water wells too
Canada steps up well monitoring to try to avoid ‘frack hits’
PA DEP: September Drilling Communication Event Contaminated Drinking Water in Doddridge County, Proves drilling, perforating, acidizing, fracing, cavitation, servicing chemicals must be fully disclosed – without trade secrets – before any activity, not just frac chemicals long after fracing
2013: Alberta company prevents environmental fracking disasters by Surface Solutions Inc.
A “frac” can go horribly wrong when there is a “communication” communication breakdown during the process to one or more neighboring wells. A communication breakdown means the fracking well is causing a disturbance with a non-fracking well. The majority of oil companies fracking in Alberta do not currently monitor their frac jobs. If the downhole pressure reaches a point to create “communication” with other wells. The result can be environmentally and financially disastrous, blowing off wellheads, contaminating water sources, spilling frac fluid and oil all over other well site leases.
The ERCB admitted that 21 deep frac communication events had occurred in 2012 alone:
Curran says that since the ERCB began monitoring interwellbore communication this year, there have been 21 incidents, but they rarely cause damage.
ERCB: New rules coming for fracking and unconventional resources Fast Forward Weekly
2012: ERCB (now AER) Appendix A: Interwellbore Communication During Fracturing Operation Events
Surface distance between wells: 1.2 kilometres
Subsurface distance between wells: Under investigation…
Surface distance between wells: Approximately 1,500 metres
Subsurface distance between wells: 110 metres…
Surface distance between wells: Approximately 530 metres
Subsurface distance between wells: 475 metres…
Surface distance between wells: Approximately 1,600 metres
2010: BC OGC Safety Advisory 2010-03 Communication during fracture stimulation
Fracture propagation via large scale hydraulic fracturing operations has proven difficult to predict. Existing planes of weakness in target formations may result in fracture lengths that exceed initial design expectations.
2013 02 19: FOIP letter from AER (previously ERCB) on all fracks gone bad in Alberta
2013 04 02: Alberta company prevents environmental fracking disasters
A “frac” can go horribly wrong when there is a “communication” breakdown during the process to one or more neighboring wells. A communication breakdown means the fracking well is causing a disturbance with a non-fracking well. The majority of oil companies fracking in Alberta do not currently monitor their frac jobs. If the downhole pressure reaches a point to create “communication” with other wells. The result can be environmentally and financially disastrous, blowing off wellheads, contaminating water sources, spilling frac fluid and oil all over other well site leases.
Trying to clean up the ERCB’s reputation (plagued with scandals and the Ernst lawsuit), it’s spots were changed to the AER. Spot removal included legally removing public interest from the regulator’s mandate.
January 13, 2012: Frack hit on farm near Innisfail, Alberta. Photos by Alberta Surface Rights Group
2012 12 18: Fracking blowout report released by ERCB
2012 12 12: Fracking blamed in Innisfail well blowout, ERCB assigns fault to Midway Energy but no enforcement ordered
2012 01 23: ERCB (now AER): Interwellbore Communication During Fracturing Operation Events
2012 01 23: ERCB (now AER) Bulletin 2012-02: Hydraulic Fracturing: Interwellbore Communication between Energy Wells
2010 03: BC OGC Safety Advisory 2010-03 Communication during fracture stimulation
Fracture propagation via large scale hydraulic fracturing operations has proven difficult to predict.
2006 01 31: Directive 027: Shallow Fracturing Operations-Interim Controls
Information provided by industry to date shows that there may not always be a complete understanding of fracture propagation at shallow depths and that programs are not always subject to rigorous engineering design.
2006 01 27: Directive 027: Shallow Fracturing Operations-Interim Controls
Increased development at ever shallower depths.
Increased Fracture volumes, rates and pressures.
Increased public concern on water well protection.
Lack of regulatory control on fracture design. …
Number of reported incidents of communication at nearby EUB licenced wells
~2004/2005: Shallow “Involuntary Stimulation” events, from EUB (ERCB/AER) library: