Critically assessing and projecting the frequency, severity, and cost of major energy accidents by Jinsoo Kim, Donghoon Ryu, and Benjamin K. Sovacool, The Extractive Industries and Society, Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2021, 100885
We analyze energy accidents from 1800 to 2018 across eleven energy systems.
Energy systems resulted in more than 278,000 immediate or latent human fatalities.
Energy systems also resulted in approximately $421.3 billion in economic damages.
Potential energy accident deaths and damages in 2040 are identified.
International agencies have to better track and account for energy accidents.
Although energy systems are well known to lead to positive or negative externalities, one less explored attribute has been a rigorous historical and future looking assessment of energy accidents. In this study, we analyze an extensive dataset of 4,450 energy accidents from 1800 to 2018 across eleven energy systems. Our analysis reveals that these collective energy systems resulted in more than 278,000 human fatalities and approximately $421.3 billion in economic damages. Historically, coal accidents are the most frequent, accounting for almost half of all accidents. In terms of severity, accidents at hydroelectric dams were the most fatal, accounting for 67 percent. In terms of cost, nuclear power accidents are by far the most expensive, accounting for 62 percent of damages. Coupling our data and an econometric model with future projections of energy demand underscores the magnitude of the trends identified: 986,000 to 1.72 million potential energy accident deaths in 2040, as well as almost $1 trillion in damages. This leads to compelling policy implications, especially concerning the need for safety improvements in energy systems such as bioenergy and nuclear power, as well as the need for the IEA and IRENA, among others, to begin to better track and account for energy accident trends. We find that across all accidents, fuel extraction and processing, transmission and distribution, and transportation have the most fatalities, and yet conversion and operation, transmission and distribution, and transportation have the most damages. Moreover, achieving strong climate goals leads to an unacceptably higher risk of accidents and human health and economic consequences. Finally, as its economic development propels increases in energy consumption, Africa will become the future center for energy accident fatalities.
Refer also to:
Alberta ultra disturbing: 70 per cent (160/232) of commercial vehicles fail inspection; 42 per cent (98/232) **taken out of service** for failing safety issues! How many would fail if inspected in frenzied frac fields and traveling to them?
Hydraulic fracturing, a.k.a., fracking, requires intense truck trips to transport a large volume of water within a narrow time window, posing a safety threat to other road users. This paper examines how fracking-related trucking affects fatal crashes in
North Dakota using the exogenous timing of fracking operations near a road
segment. The results show that an additional post-fracking well within six miles of
a road segment led to 8% more fatal crashes and 7.1% higher per-capita costs in
Oklahoma: Red Mountain Energy rig explosion kills Josh Ray, 35; Cody Risk, 26; Parker Waldridge, 60; Roger Cunningham, 55; and Matt Smith, 29; One other worker hospitalized; Company not sure what they were drilling for; Patterson-UTI has long history of fatal accidents
AER Frac Pilot Project: Earthquakes, tax increases, water restrictions, double homicide, spills and accidents shake Alberta town’s faith in fracking; Aging sour facilities in deregulated Fox Creek a big worry for council; AER’s FracQuake Red Light stops Chevron only 16 days; Families moving out
Truck going too fast to make the turn? 4,800 gallons unknown substance spilled into Yough River when “brine” tractor-trailer flips. How many hundreds similar spills into water ways not caught or reported?
… A water truck was seen laying on top of a four-door sedan.